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Peter Millican

In 2005 Dr Peter Millican was appointed as Gilbert Ryle Fellow in Philosophy at Hertford College, Oxford (though for two years he was shared with Oriel College). In 2007 he was promoted to Reader in Early Modern Philosophy. From 2005 until 2010, he was Co-Editor of the journal Hume Studies. Hume's philosophy has indeed been the main focus of his research, though he continue to work also in Epistemology, Ethics, Philosophy of Language and of Religion. His teaching at Oxford is also quite varied, including General Philosophy, Formal Logic, History of Philosophy, Epistemology and Metaphysics, Logic and Language, and Philosophy of Religion.

Series featuring Peter Millican

  • Introduction to David Hume's Treatise of Human Nature Book One
  • Hume's Central Principles
  • General Philosophy
  • Futuremakers
# Episode Title Description People Date
1 What does AI mean for the future of humanity Join our host, philosopher Professor Peter Millican, as he explores this topic with three experts from Oxford University. Peter Millican, Allan Dafoe, Mike Osborne, Jade Leung 12 Dec 2018
2 Has AI changed the way we find the truth? Around the world, automated bot accounts have enabled some government agencies and political parties to exploit online platforms in dispersing fake messages. Peter Millican, Rasmus Nielsen, Vidya Narayanan, Mimie Liotsiou 06 Dec 2018
3 From Ada Lovelace to Alan Turing, the birth of AI? Many developments in science are achieved through people being able to ‘stand on the shoulders of giants’ and in the history of AI two giants in particular stand out. Peter Millican, Ursula Martin, Andrew Hodges, Jacob Ward 19 Nov 2018
4 Does AI have a gender? Join our host, philosopher Peter Millican, as he explores the topics of gender and AI. Peter Millican, Gina Neff, Carissa Véliz, Sian Brooke 12 Nov 2018
5 Is AI good for our health? Join our host, philosopher Peter Millican, as he explores the topic "Is AI good for our health?" Peter Millican, Alison Noble, Paul Leeson, Jessica Morley 02 Nov 2018
6 Is the banking sector about to change for ever? AI is already playing a role in the finance sector, from fraud detection, to algorithmic trading, to customer service, and many within the industry believe this role will develop rapidly within the next few years. Peter Millican, Stephen Roberts, Nir Vulkan, Jannes Klaas 22 Oct 2018
7 Are all algorithms biased? Our lives are increasingly shaped by automated decision-making algorithms, but do those have in-built biases? If so, do we need to tackle these, and what could happen if we don't? Peter Millican, Sandra Wachter, Helena Webb, Brent Mittelstadt 22 Oct 2018
8 How will the automation of jobs likely progress? In 2013 two Oxford academics published a paper entitled 'The Future of Employment: How Susceptible Are Jobs to Computerisation?', estimating that 47% of U.S. jobs were at risk of automation. Peter Millican, Mike Osborne, Judy Stephenson, David Clifton 22 Oct 2018
9 Trailer: season one launching 22nd October! Down winding streets, beyond the dreaming spires, inside the college walls, debates are happening - in every study room and lecture theatre - about the future of society. Futuremakers, from the University of Oxford, invites you to that debate. Peter Millican 16 Oct 2018
10 Creative Commons 8. Conclusion; Scepticism in the Treatise and the Enquiry Eighth and final lecture in Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Central Principles. Peter Millican 14 Aug 2012
11 Creative Commons 7. Scepticism with Regard to Reason, the Soul and the Self Seventh lecture in Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Central Principles. Peter Millican 14 Aug 2012
12 Creative Commons 6. Hume on the External World Sixth lecture in Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Central Principles. Peter Millican 14 Aug 2012
13 Creative Commons 5: Hume on Causal Necessity Fifth lecture in Peter Millican's series on Hume's Central Principles. Peter Millican 14 Aug 2012
14 Creative Commons 4: Hume on Induction Fourth lecture in Peter Millican's series on Hume's Central Principles. Peter Millican 14 Aug 2012
15 Creative Commons 3: Hume's Logic: Relations, and Forms of Argument Third lecture in Peter Millican's series on Hume's Central Principles. Peter Millican 14 Aug 2012
16 Creative Commons 2. Overview, Theory of Ideas, and Faculty Psychology Second lecture in Peter Millican's series on Hume's Central Principles. Peter Millican 14 Aug 2012
17 Creative Commons 1. Historical Background, and His 'Chief Argument' First lecture on David Hume's Central Principles; focusing on the historical background and Hume's Chief Argument. Peter Millican 14 Aug 2012
18 Creative Commons 5. Of the Sceptical and Other Systems of Philosophy Accompanying slides for Lectures 5a to 5c of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise of Human Nature Book One. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
19 Creative Commons 4. Of Knowledge and Probability Accompanying slides for Lectures 4a to 4f of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise of Human Nature Book One. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
20 Creative Commons 3. Abstract Ideas, Space and Time Accompanying slides for Lectures 3a to 3c of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise of Human Nature Book One. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
21 Creative Commons 1. Introduction, Hume's Theory of Ideas and the Faculties Accompanying Slides for Lectures 1a to 1c of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
22 Creative Commons 5c. Of the Ancient and Modern Philosophies Third and Final part of Lecture 5 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Of the Skeptical and Other Systems of Philosophy. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
23 Creative Commons 5b. Of Skepticism with Regard to the Senses Second part of Lecture 5 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Of the Skeptical and Other Systems of Philosophy. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
24 Creative Commons 5a. Of Skepticism with Regard to Reason First part of Lecture 5 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Of the Skeptical and Other Systems of Philosophy. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
25 Creative Commons 4f. The Point of Hume's Analysis of Causation Sixth part of Lecture 4 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Of Knowledge and Probability. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
26 Creative Commons 4e. Understanding Hume on Causation Fifth part of Lecture 4 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Of Knowledge and Probability. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
27 Creative Commons 4d. Of the Necessary Connection Fourth part of Lecture 4 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Of Knowledge and Probability. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
28 Creative Commons 4c. Belief and Probability Third part of Lecture 4 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Of Knowledge and Probability. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
29 Creative Commons 4b. The Argument Concerning Induction Second part of Lecture 4 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Of Knowledge and Probability. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
30 Creative Commons 4a. Relations, and a Detour to the Causal Maxim First part of Lecture 4 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Of Knowledge and Probability. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
31 Creative Commons 3b. Space and Time Second part of Lecture 3 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Abstract Ideas, Space and Time. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
32 Creative Commons 3a. Hume's Theory of General (or Abstract) Ideas First part of Lecture 3 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Abstract Ideas, Space and Time. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
33 Creative Commons 2. Hume's Theory of Relations Lecture 2 of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
34 Creative Commons 1c. Hume's Faculty Psychology Third part of lecture one of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
35 Creative Commons 1b. The Theory of Ideas Second part of lecture one of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
36 Creative Commons 1a. Hume's Theory of Ideas and the Faculties First part of lecture one of Peter Millican's series on David Hume's Treatise on Human Nature Book One. Peter Millican 01 Aug 2012
37 Creative Commons 8.4 Persons, Humans and Brains Part 8.4. The final part of this series. Explores the distinction between mind and body and whether this makes a difference to the idea of personal identity. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
38 Creative Commons General Philosophy Lecture 8 PDF slides from Peter Millican's General Philosophy lecture 8. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
39 Creative Commons 8.3 Problems for Locke's View of Personal Identity Part 8.3. Criticisms of Locke's view of personal identity; if personal identity is dependent on memory then how does forgetting personal history and the concept of false memory change Locke's view of personal identity. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
40 Creative Commons 8.2 John Locke on Personal Identity Part 8.2. Looks at John Locke's view of personal identity; how consciousness and 'personal history' distinguish personal identity and the idea of memory as crucial for personal identity. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
41 Creative Commons 8.1 Introduction to Personal Identity Part 8.1. Introduces the concept of personal identity, what is it to be a person, whether someone is the same person over time and Leibniz's law of sameness. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
42 Creative Commons 7.4 Making Sense of Free Will and Moral Responsibility Part 7.4. A brief explanation of Hume's argument for sentimentalism and Robert Kane's views on free will and determinism. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
43 Creative Commons General Philosophy Lecture 7 PDF slides from Peter Millican's General Philosophy lecture 7. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
44 Creative Commons 7.3 Hume on Liberty and Necessity Part 7.3. Looks at Hume's views on liberty and its relationship to causal necessity; that we have free will but it is causally determined. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
45 Creative Commons 7.2 Different Concepts of Freedom Part 7.2. Looks at Hobbes' and Hume's views of free will and the three concepts of freedom, and considers the idea of moral responsibility as dependent on free will. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
46 Creative Commons 7.1 Free Will, Determinism and Choice Part 7.1. Explores the problem of free will and the ideas of moral responsibility, determinism and choice; the need for a concept of freedom to allow free choice, the problems associated with this and asking whether we really have freedom of choice. Peter Millican 01 Dec 2010
47 Creative Commons 6.4 Making Sense of Perception Part 6.4. A brief overview of contemporary accounts of perception; including phenomenalism (that objects are logical constructions from sense data) and direct realism (that we perceive objects and the external world directly). Peter Millican 30 Nov 2010
48 Creative Commons General Philosophy Lecture 6 PDF slides from Peter Millican's General Philosophy lecture 6. Peter Millican 30 Nov 2010
49 Creative Commons 6.3 Abstraction and Idealism Part 6.3. Criticisms of the resemblance theory of perception and an introduction to idealism - that perceptions of the external world are all within the mind as ideas. Peter Millican 30 Nov 2010
50 Creative Commons 6.2 Problems with Resemblance Part 6.2. Explores Berkeley's and Locke's arguments concerning the resemblance of qualities and objects; that the perceived qualities of objects exist only in the mind or whether secondary qualities are intrinsically part of the object. Peter Millican 30 Nov 2010
51 Creative Commons 6.1 Introduction to Primary and Secondary Qualities Part 6.1. Introduces the problem of perception (and the distinction between the world and what we perceive), along with the concepts of primary and secondary qualities. Peter Millican 30 Nov 2010
52 Creative Commons 5.4 Scepticism, Externalism and the Ethics of Belief Part 5.4. Looks at the role the concept of knowledge plays in life, the different levels of knowledge we require in certain contexts and the return of scepticism over knowledge. Peter Millican 29 Nov 2010
53 Creative Commons General Philosophy Lecture 5 PDF slides from Peter Millican's General Philosophy lecture 5. Peter Millican 29 Nov 2010
54 Creative Commons 5.3 Gettier and Other Complications Part 5.3. The difference between internalist and externalist accounts of knowledge; whether we need external factors to justify knowledge or whether internal accounts are sufficient, and the Gettier cases. Peter Millican 29 Nov 2010
55 Creative Commons 5.2 The Traditional Analysis of Knowledge Part 5.2. Explores the idea of conscious and unconscious knowledge (should a person know that they know something or does it not matter?) and the theory of justification of propositions and beliefs. Peter Millican 29 Nov 2010
56 Creative Commons 5.1 Introduction to Knowledge Part 5.1. Looks at the problem of knowledge; how can we know what we know, three types of knowledge and A J Ayer's two conditions for knowledge. Peter Millican 29 Nov 2010
57 Creative Commons 4.4 The Mind-Body Problem Part 4.4. Looks at some of the modern responses to Cartesian Dualism including Gilbert Ryle's and G. Strawson's responses to the idea. Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
58 Creative Commons General Philosophy Lecture 4 PDF slides from Peter Millican's General Philosophy lecture 4. Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
59 Creative Commons 4.3 Cartesian Dualism Part 4.3. Introduces Descartes' idea of dualism, that there is a separation between the mind and the body, as well as some of the philosophical issues surrounding this idea. Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
60 Creative Commons 4.2 Possible Answers to External World Scepticism Part 4.2. Investigates some of the possible solutions to Descartes' sceptical problem of the external world, looking at G.E Moore's response, among others, to the problem. Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
61 Creative Commons 4.1 Scepticism about the External World Part 4.1. Introduces the problem of how do we have knowledge of the world, how do we know what we perceive is in fact what is there? Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
62 Creative Commons 3.2 Responses to Hume's Famous Argument Part 3.2. Responses to and justifications of Hume's argument concerning the problem of induction. Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
63 Creative Commons General Philosophy Lecture 3 PDF slides from Peter Millican's General Philosophy lecture 3. Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
64 Creative Commons 3.1 Hume's Argument Concerning Induction Part 3.1. Briefly introduces the problem of induction: that is, the problem that it is difficult to justify claims to knowledge of the world through pure reason, i.e. without experience. Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
65 Creative Commons 2.7 Overview: Kant and Modern Science Part 2.7. Concludes a historical survey of philosophy with Immanuel Kant, who thought Hume was wrong in his idea of human nature and how we gain knowledge of the world. Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
66 Creative Commons General Philosophy Lecture 2 PDF slides from Peter Millican's General Philosophy lecture 2. Peter Millican 08 Apr 2010
67 Creative Commons 2.6 David Hume Part 2.6. Introduces 18th Century Scottish philosopher David Hume, 'The Great Infidel', including his life, works and a brief look at his philosophical thoughts. Peter Millican 16 Mar 2010
68 Creative Commons 2.5 Nicolas Malebranche and George Berkeley Part 2.5. Focuses on Malebranche, a lesser-known French Philosopher, and his ideas on idealism and the influence they had on English philosopher George Berkeley. Peter Millican 16 Mar 2010
69 Creative Commons 2.4 John Locke Part 2.4. Introduction to the philosophy of John Locke, 'England's first Empiricist', he also gives a very simplistic definition of Empiricism; we obtain knowledge through experience of the world, through sensory data (what we see, hear, etc). Peter Millican 16 Mar 2010
70 Creative Commons 2.3 Robert Boyle and Isaac Newton Part 2.3. An introduction to Robert Boyle's theory of corpuscularianism and Isaac Newton's ideas on mathematics and the universe. Peter Millican 16 Mar 2010
71 Creative Commons 2.2 Thomas Hobbes: The Monster of Malmesbury Part 2.2. A brief introduction to Thomas Hobbes, 'The Monster of Malmsbury', his views on a mechanistic universe, his strong ideas on determinism and his pessimistic view of human nature: 'The life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short'. Peter Millican 16 Mar 2010
72 Creative Commons 2.1 Recap of General Philosophy Lecture 1 Part 2.1. A brief recap on the first lecture describing how Aristotle's view of the universe, dominant throughout the middle ages in Europe, came to be gradually phased out by a modern, mechanistic view of the universe. Peter Millican 16 Mar 2010
73 Creative Commons 1.4 From Galileo to Descartes Part 1.4. Outlines Galileo's revolutionary theories of astronomy and mechanical science and introduces Descartes' (the father of modern philosophy) ideas of philosophical scepticism. Peter Millican 19 Feb 2010
74 Creative Commons General Philosophy Lecture 1 PDF slides from Peter Millican's General Philosophy lecture 1. Peter Millican 19 Feb 2010
75 Creative Commons 1.3 Science from Aristotle to Galileo Part 1.3. Describes briefly the Aristotelian view of the universe; the basis for natural science in Europe until the 15th century and its conflict Galileo's theories. Peter Millican 19 Feb 2010
76 Creative Commons 1.2 The Background of Early Modern Philosophy Part 1.2. Gives a very brief history of philosophy from the 'birth of philosophy' in Ancient Greece through the rise of Christianity in Europe in the Middle Ages through to the Renaissance, the Reformation and the birth of the Modern Period. Peter Millican 19 Feb 2010
77 Creative Commons 1.1 An Introduction to General Philosophy Part 1.1. Outlines the General Philosophy course, the various topics that will be discussed, and also, more importantly, the philosophical method that this course introduces to students. Peter Millican 19 Feb 2010