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Oxford Department of International Development

The Oxford Department of International Development is the hub for the University of Oxford's work in development and a unit of the University's Social Sciences Division. Its objective is to conduct high level research which advances understanding of the complex economic, social and political processes of change in countries in the poorer parts of the world and to educate students to understand these processes in disciplinary and multi-disciplinary perspective. The Department is located at Queen Elizabeth House in Mansfield Road and is often referred to as 'QEH'.

Series associated with Oxford Department of International Development

Afghanistan’s displaced people (Forced Migration Review 46)
Children and Youth in a Changing World
Climate change and disasters (Forced Migration Review 49)
Crisis (Forced Migration Review 45)
Dayton +20 (Forced Migration Review 50)
Destination: Europe (Forced Migration Review 51)
Detention and deportation (Forced Migration Review 44)
Disability and displacement (Forced Migration Review 35)
DRC: Past. Present. Future? (Forced Migration Review 36)
Faith and displacement (Forced Migration Review 48)
Humanitarian Innovation Conference 2015: Facilitating Innovation
ICT for Development (ICT4D)
Innovation and refugees (Forced Migration Review, supplement 2014)
International Migration Institute
Latin America and the Caribbean (Forced Migration Review 56)
LGBTQI and forced migrants (Forced Migration Review 42)
Local communities: first and last providers of protection (Forced Migration Review 53)
North Africa and displacement (Forced Migration Review 39)
ODID Distinguished Speaker Lectures
Oxford Diasporas Programme
Preventing displacement (Forced Migration Review 41)
Refugee Studies Centre
Resettlement (Forced Migration Review 54)
Shelter in displacement (Forced Migration Review 55)
States of fragility (Forced Migration Review 43)
Syrians in displacement (Forced Migration Review 57)
Technology and Management for Development
The Syria crisis (Forced Migration Review 47)
The technology issue (Forced Migration Review 38)
The Theory and Practice of Immigration Detention Workshop
Thinking ahead: displacement, transition, solutions (Forced Migration Review 52)
# Episode Title Description People Date
1 FMR 57 - From the editors This issue therefore focuses – as did the 2014 issue – on displacement from and within Syria. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 05 Mar 2018
2 FMR 57 - Foreword: Syria in 2018 – in search of solutions This important issue of Forced Migration Review draws our attention to the current challenges facing displaced Syrians and the continuing search for solutions. Noor Al Hussein 05 Mar 2018
3 FMR 57 - Protecting the dignity of displaced Syrians What does dignity mean to Syrian refugees and practitioners? And what can humanitarian organisations do – or abstain from doing – to help Syrians preserve and protect their dignity? Kholoud Mansour 05 Mar 2018
4 FMR 57 - One camp, three refugee groups: challenges for local NGOs Local non-governmental organisations in Lebanon's Bourj al-Barajneh camp face challenges in responding to the complex needs of three different refugee groups. Olfat Mahmoud, Rebecca Roberts 05 Mar 2018
5 FMR 57 - Refugee-led humanitarianism in Lebanon's Shatila camp Refugee-led humanitarian initiatives by 'established' Palestinian refugees in response to the arrival of 'new' displaced Syrians to Shatila camp raise key questions. Hind Sharif 05 Mar 2018
6 FMR 57 - The role of municipalities in ensuring stability Responses to crises in Lebanon's Beka'a region in 2017 show that refugee-hosting municipalities can be a pillar of peaceful coexistence and must be supported. Josep Zapater 05 Mar 2018
7 FMR 57 - Competing security and humanitarian imperatives in the Berm Approximately 60,000 Syrians are trapped in 'the Berm', a desolate area on the Syria-Jordan border. When security concerns are prioritised over humanitarian needs and aid agencies turn to militant groups to deliver aid, the consequences can be deplorable. Charles Simpson 05 Mar 2018
8 FMR 57 - Categorising Syrians in Lebanon as 'vulnerable' Vulnerability assessments are used by humanitarian actors to identify those at greater risk of harm but their use in the response to displaced Syrians in Lebanon is problematic. Maja Janmyr, Lama Mourad 28 Feb 2018
9 FMR 57 - Rethinking the lessons from Za'atari refugee camp Humanitarian efforts to build a model refugee camp when constructing Azraq camp in Jordan – drawing on what was supposed to have been learned in Za'atari camp – missed crucial aspects of Za'atari's governance. Melissa N Gatter 28 Feb 2018
10 FMR 57 - The neglected health needs of older Syrian refugees in Jordan In Jordan, the specific health needs of older Syrian refugees tend to be overlooked, due in part to a lack of data, institutional biases and the nature of the humanitarian response. Sigrid Lupieri 28 Feb 2018
11 FMR 57 - The importance of social capital in protracted displacement We hope to generate discussion about ways to further tailor assessments, targeting and programming in this and other situations of protracted displacement. Ana Uzelac, Jos Meester, Markus Goransson, Willem van den Berg 28 Feb 2018
12 FMR 57 - From vulnerability to resilience: improving humanitarian response Lessons from responses to the Syrian displacement crisis can inform broader discussions on how to build responses that better address vulnerability, support resilience and include displaced women, children and young people in all their diversity. Emma Pearce, Boram Lee 28 Feb 2018
13 FMR 57 - Syrian refugees: thinking beyond gender stereotypes The dominant gender narratives among NGOs responding to Syrian refugees, and their subsequent interventions, are based on sometimes simplistic understandings of the ‘traditional’ Syrian household and power dynamics. Michelle Lokot 28 Feb 2018
14 FMR 57 - How migration to Europe affects those left behind Families are frequently separated as a result of migration and displacement from the Middle East to Europe, yet humanitarian aid is often difficult to access and insufficient to meet the needs of those left behind. Megan Passey 28 Feb 2018
15 FMR 57 - Peace education and psychosocial support for social cohesion Evidence from psychosocial support-based peace education work with young displaced Syrians shows that addressing trauma is critical in overcoming psychological barriers to social cohesion. Ruth Simpson 28 Feb 2018
16 FMR 57 - Private sector engagement in refugee education The involvement of the private sector in providing education for Syrian refugees has much to commend it but greater consideration needs to be paid to the ethical and practical concerns that may arise. Zeena Zakharia, Francine Menashy 28 Feb 2018
17 FMR 57 - Caring for male and LGBTI sexual violence survivors: learning from local organisations Local organisations responding to the Syrian humanitarian crisis are at the forefront of providing care for both male and LGBTI survivors of sexual violence. Sarah Chynoweth 28 Feb 2018
18 FMR 57 - Child marriage in Jordan: breaking the cycle In seeking to combat the growing phenomenon of child marriage among Syrian refugees, it is vital to engage the whole range of actors involved, and to recognise that girls and boys have the capacity to address this issue in their own communities. Georgia Swan 28 Feb 2018
19 FMR 57 - Expanding economic opportunities in protracted displacement Welcome progress has been made towards realising commitments made by international donors and host country governments to expand economic opportunities for Syrian refugees and host communities in neighbouring countries. Miki Takahashi, Michael Moroz, Jonathan Peters, Jason Pronyk 27 Feb 2018
20 FMR 57 - Learning from the Jordan Compact Analysis of the implementation of the Jordan Compact offers three key lessons: governmental approval is important but not sufficient, the incorporation of critical voices is crucial, meeting numeric targets is not the same as achieving underlying goals. Katharina Lenner, Lewis Turner 27 Feb 2018
21 FMr 57 - Designing refugee compacts: lessons from Jordan Analysis of progress to date under the Jordan Compact highlights a number of shortcomings that need to be addressed if the model is to be used effectively elsewhere. Cindy Huang, Nazanin Ash, Katelyn Gough, Lauren Post 27 Feb 2018
22 FMR 57 - Turkey: between hospitality and hostility Recent political developments and changes in Turkey’s asylum law have had a significantly injurious impact on the safety and legal certainty of refugees in Turkey. Margarite Helena Zoeteweij-Turhan 27 Feb 2018
23 FMR 57 - Refugee youth, unemployment and extremism: countering the myth Refugee youth unemployment has been linked to increased risk of extremism and/or exploitation. Research indicates, however, that unemployment is just one of many factors triggering frustration among young refugees. Drew Mikhael, Julie Norman 27 Feb 2018
24 FMR 57 - Establishing legal identity for displaced Syrians Seven years of conflict have had a serious detrimental effect on many Syrians' ability to prove their legal identity. Martin Clutterbuck, Laura Cunial, Paola Barsanti, Tina Gewis 27 Feb 2018
25 FMR 57 - When is return voluntary? Conditions of asylum in Lebanon The decision of Syrian refugees in Lebanon to return to Syria must not be based on a deteriorating quality of asylum that creates physical, social and material pressures on decisions to return. Amy Keith, Nour Shawaf 27 Feb 2018
26 FMR 57 - Balancing the rights of displaced, returning and remaining populations: learning from Iraq The return of some 3.1 million IDPs in Iraq to their places of origin is seen as a benchmark of success in the aftermath of the recent civil war. However, the situation is complex. Nadia Siddiqui 27 Feb 2018
27 FMR 57 - Property restitution in post-conflict Syria Although restitution of property should underpin any post-conflict agreement, in Syria this will be a complex exercise. Adherence to the UN’s Pinheiro Principles will be critical. Martin Clutterbuck 27 Feb 2018
28 FMR 57 - Perspectives on the return of Syrian refugees There are many reasons why discussions about the imminent return of large numbers of Syrian refugees are premature. Leïla Vignal 27 Feb 2018
29 FMr 57 General - A vision for restitution in Myanmar People displaced in Myanmar during decades of civil conflict, as well as more recently displaced persons, need accessible legal pathways and assistance to regain access to their land and properties. José Arraiza, Scott Leckie 27 Feb 2018
30 FMr 57 General - The Gambia: a haven for refugees? Although not usually thought of as a haven of refugee protection, the Gambia has a fairly sizeable refugee population and some sophisticated legal frameworks and protection mechanisms. Franzisca Zanker 27 Feb 2018
31 FMR 57 General - Enhancing the protection of women and girls through the Global Compact on Refugees The consultative process involved in drafting the Global Compact on Refugees presents an ideal opportunity to ensure that gender equality is integral to this new international policy framework. Eileen Pittaway, Linda Bartolomei 27 Feb 2018
32 FMr 57 General - Italy’s 'Zampa' law: increasing protection for unaccompanied children Italy has enacted comprehensive legislation to protect the rights of unaccompanied children arriving in Italy. Joseph Lelliott 27 Feb 2018
33 FMR 57 General - Voluntary immobility: indigenous voices in the Pacific Indigenous people of the Pacific are increasingly expressing a preference to stay on their lands for cultural and spiritual reasons, even in the face of significant deterioration in health and livelihoods associated with climate change. Carol Farbotko 27 Feb 2018
34 FMR 57 General - The role of civil society in Hong Kong Local organisations can significantly assist with service provision, integration and advocacy. Roy Njuabe 27 Feb 2018
35 FMR 55 - Low-cost, locally available shelters in Pakistan Flooding in 2010 affected 18 million people in Pakistan. With declining donor funds and flooding again in 2011 and 2012, the humanitarian community required low-cost solutions that could be scaled up. Ammarah Mubarak, Saad Hafeez 18 Dec 2017
36 Creative Commons FMR 35 Disabilities among refugees and conflict-affected populations In 2007 the Women's Refugee Commission launched a major research project to assess the situation for those living with disabilities among displaced and conflict affected populations. Rachael Reilly 12 Dec 2017
37 FMR 56 - From the editors The region of Latin America and the Caribbean has long demonstrated hospitality towards those fleeing conflict and persecution within the region and further afield. Marion Couldrey, Jenny Peebles 31 Oct 2017
38 FMR 56 - Foreword: Regional solidarity and commitment to protection in Latin America and the Caribbean At a time when over 65 million people are forcibly displaced worldwide, Latin America and the Caribbean offer examples of good practices from a region which continues to uphold a long-standing commitment to protect those in need. Filippo Grandi 31 Oct 2017
39 FMR 56 - Protection gaps in Mexico With Mexico a major destination – and transit – country for people displaced by violence in the Northern Triangle of Central America, the Mexican government needs urgently to improve its asylum systems and procedures if they are to be fit for purpose. Andrea Villasenor, Elba Coria 31 Oct 2017
40 FMR 56 - Silencing criticism in Mexico Journalists and human rights defenders in Mexico are being attacked in an attempt to silence their criticism. Many are forced to flee or risk being assassinated. The consequences are both personal and of wider social significance. Ximena Suárez, Daniel Zapico 31 Oct 2017
41 FMR 56 - La 72: an oasis along the migration routes in Mexico In the face of violence, stricter migration policies and daily obstacles, those working at the La 72 shelter strive to respect people’s sense of dignity while caring for their safety. Alejandro Olayo-Méndez 31 Oct 2017
42 FMR 56 - Mexico’s Michoacán state: mixed migration flows and transnational links Against a backdrop of unremitting violence in Mexico, traditional migration patterns in the North American corridor are being reconfigured. Xóchitl Bada, Andreas E Feldmann 31 Oct 2017
43 FMR 56 - Criminal violence in Honduras as a driver of displacement The impact of violence is felt daily in the Northern Triangle of Central America and is a major driver of displacement, yet its very nature obstructs identification of and access to those in need of protection. Suzanna Nelson-Pollard 31 Oct 2017
44 FMR 56 - Factors influencing decision making by people fleeing Central America Interviews with people who have fled violence in Central America reveal the influences behind their decision making prior to and during flight. Vickie Knox 31 Oct 2017
45 FMR 56 - Central American refugees: protected or put at risk by communication technologies? In a world that is more interconnected than ever, many refugees cannot obtain information or communicate when they most need to. Paradoxically, carrying a phone or connecting to the internet can put them at risk if they do not take security measures. Guillermo Barros 31 Oct 2017
46 FMR 56 - Unaccompanied children crossing the Darién Gap While there is much attention paid to the treacherous journeys of refugees and migrants crossing the Mediterranean Sea, both the media and international aid community have overlooked one of the deadliest migratory routes in the world: the Darién Gap. Margaret Hunter 31 Oct 2017
47 FMR 56 - Youth outreach centres in El Salvador: providing alternatives to displacement A growing number of youth are fleeing El Salvador, one of the most violent countries in the world, and travelling unaccompanied to the US-Mexico border. Benjamin J Roth 31 Oct 2017
48 FMR 56 - Accompaniment by the Catholic Church The Catholic Church is developing various initiatives to assist those fleeing violence in the Northern Triangle of Central America. Ashley Feasley, Todd Scribner 31 Oct 2017
49 FMR 56 - Colombia: durable solutions for the forcibly displaced Colombia has a sophisticated body of law and a wealth of experience in the development of policies for the forcibly displaced. However, numerous obstacles stand in the way of attaining permanent solutions to displacement. Amaya Valcárcel, Vera Samudio 31 Oct 2017
50 FMR 56 - Colombia: time to invoke the cessation clause? After more than five decades of internal armed conflict, in November 2016 the Colombian government signed a peace agreement with the FARC-EP. Does this mean that those Colombians who had been forced to leave the country must now begin to return? Beatriz Eugenia Sánchez Mojica 31 Oct 2017
51 FMR 56 - Colombia’s ex–combatant children and adolescents Large numbers of children and adolescents recruited into the armed conflict in Colombia are now being demobilised. Stephany Armas Contreras 31 Oct 2017
52 FMR 56 - New drivers of displacement in Colombia Violence and displacement have not ended with the signing of the peace agreement in Colombia. Alfredo Campos García 31 Oct 2017
53 FMR 56 - Land restitution in Colombia: why so few applications? Halfway through Colombia’s official land restitution process, questions arise as to why the number of claims is so much lower than anticipated. Frances Thomson 31 Oct 2017
54 FMR 56 - Colombia’s displaced indigenous women Indigenous peoples are one of the most vulnerable groups within Colombia’s internally displaced population, and a lack of understanding of their culture and needs constitutes a major challenge to their protection and assistance. Gina Escobar Cuero 31 Oct 2017
55 FMR 56 - Triggers of internal displacement in Guatemala More than 20 years since the end of the civil war, Guatemala is once again experiencing an upsurge in internal displacement. The causes are multiple, and demand attention. Sindy Hernández Bonilla 31 Oct 2017
56 FMR 56 - Falling short of protection: Peru’s new migration scheme for Venezuelans audio/mpeg iconparent.mp3 Peru’s introduction of a new work and study permit for Venezuelans fleeing violence in their country is to be applauded – but it provides only a limited, temporary form of protection. Nicolas Parent 31 Oct 2017
57 FMR 56 - Protection in the absence of legislation in Trinidad and Tobago The Caribbean’s many small island States are grappling with increasingly complex mixed migration flows, yet few have introduced refugee legislation. Trinidad and Tobago is in the process of doing so. Rochelle Nakhid, Andrew Welch 31 Oct 2017
58 FMR 56 - Eradicating statelessness in the Americas Considerable progress has been made towards eradicating statelessness in Latin America and the Caribbean since 2014 but there is still work to be done if it is to become the first world region to eradicate statelessness. Juan Ignacio Mondelli 31 Oct 2017
59 FMR 56 - Extra-regional refugee resettlement in South America: the Palestinian experience The Humanitarian Resettlement Programme for extra-regional refugees built on the Solidarity Resettlement Programme that emerged from the 2004 Mexico Declaration and Plan of Action. Marcia Vera Espinoza 31 Oct 2017
60 FMR 56 - Venezuelan displacement: a challenge to Brazil Brazil must strengthen its reception and integration of fleeing Venezuelans. Helisane Mahlke, Lilian Yamamoto 31 Oct 2017
61 FMR 56 - The future of the Brazilian resettlement programme Brazil’s resettlement programmes have been praised for demonstrating the country’s commitment to refugee protection but the number resettled remains small compared with international need. Thais Silva Menezes, Stylianos Kostas 31 Oct 2017
62 FMR 56 - Visas and qualifications: Syrian refugees in Brazil Brazil’s humanitarian visa programme for Syrian refugees and its efforts to recognise their qualifications could offer lessons for refugee protection and integration across the region. Gilberto M A Rodrigues, José Blanes Sala, Débora Corrêa de Siqueira 30 Oct 2017
63 FMR 56 - Syrian refugees in Uruguay: an uncomfortable topic Only a year after Uruguay’s resettlement plan for Syrian refugees was established, the resettled families said they wanted to leave. Expectations have not been met. Raquel Rodríguez Camejo 30 Oct 2017
64 FMR 56 - Measuring local integration in Ecuador In 2014-15 UNHCR Ecuador developed an index to measure the degree to which refugees are integrated in their host country, using three main dimensions of local integration: legal, economic and socio-cultural. Santiago Cordova, Peter Janssen 30 Oct 2017
65 FMR 56 - The RCM Guide: a novel protection tool for cross-border disaster-induced displacement in the Americas A new regional guide presents practices and measures to help address the protection needs of cross-border disaster-displaced persons. Walter Kälin, David Cantor 30 Oct 2017
66 FMR 56 - Disaster-induced displacement in the Caribbean and the Pacific People in Small Island Developing States are particularly vulnerable to displacement by disaster. Governments in the Caribbean and the Pacific need urgently to do more risk management and planning. Mo Hamza, Ida Koch, Malte Plewa 30 Oct 2017
67 FMR 56 - Towards a regional agreement on environmental displacement? The effects of climate change influence the frequency and intensity of disasters and slow-onset environmental degradation processes, exacerbating pre-existing risks and vulnerabilities. Erika Pires Ramos, Fernanda de Salles Cavedon-Capdeville, Lilian Yamamoto, Diogo Andreola Serraglio 30 Oct 2017
68 FMR 56 - Could Latin American citizenship be a fourth durable solution? Proposals for a regional South American citizenship put forward by the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) offer the possibility of alternative solutions for the protection of internally displaced persons and refugees in the region. Valeria Llamas 30 Oct 2017
69 FMR 56 General - Turning the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework into reality As they work towards the adoption of a Global Compact on Refugees, States are implementing the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework. Manisha Thomas 30 Oct 2017
70 FMR 56 General - Towards a development approach to displacement o better respond to displacement, we need to adopt a medium- to long-term perspective rooted in development as well as humanitarian principles. Xavier Devictor 30 Oct 2017
71 FMR 56 General - ASEAN’s role in the Rohingya refugee crisis The Rohingya refugee crisis has become a regional crisis. Members of the Association of Southeast Asian States (ASEAN) must enhance regional cooperation in order to improve protection for the region’s refugees. Richa Shivakoti 30 Oct 2017
72 FMR 56 General - Refugees in towns: experiences of integration In countries of first asylum, transit and destination it is increasingly towns and cities that are absorbing refugees. Karen Jacobsen 30 Oct 2017
73 FMR 56 General - Canada’s Guideline 9: improving SOGIE claims assessment? Asylum seekers making claims relating to their sexual orientation and gender identity often face unfair refusal. Moira Dustin, Nuno Ferreira 25 Oct 2017
74 FMR 55 - From the Editors All displaced people need some form of shelter, and circumstances dictate that in reality not much of it conforms to the typical picture of a tent or tarpaulin nor meets official standards. Marion Couldrey, Maurice Herson 13 Jul 2017
75 FMR 55 - Refugee settlements and sustainable planning We need to develop refugee settlement planning processes that not only facilitate long-term planning but also allow for incremental upgrading. The case of M’Bera in Mauritania illustrates this. Brett Moore 13 Jul 2017
76 FMR 55 - Shelter in flux Current humanitarian guidelines do not sufficiently cover what shelter means in volatile and protracted conflict settings, particularly outside organised camps. We propose improved tools that will address that gap. Charles Parrack, Brigitte Piquard, Cathrine Brun 13 Jul 2017
77 FMR 55 - An architectural investigation into the provision of refugee accommodation When challenged to investigate accommodation options for refugees in their city, architecture students found that there are simple and plausible architectural answers for the integration of refugees in medium-sized European cities such as A Coruña. Plácido Lizancos, Evaristo Zas 13 Jul 2017
78 FMR 55 - The case for self-recovery Most families recovering from the catastrophe of a disaster rebuild their own homes. This practice of self-recovery by non-displaced communities has potential for displaced populations too. Bill Flinn, Holly Schofield, Luisa Miranda Morel 13 Jul 2017
79 FMR 55 - Pre-fabricated or freely fabricated? The architectural forms of emergency shelters and the ways they are created play a significant role in the ability of their inhabitants to deal with their displacement and to perhaps feel, even temporarily, at home. Irit Katz 13 Jul 2017
80 FMR 55 - Shelter for refugees arriving in Greece, 2015-17 Mass arrivals in Greece since 2015 have far exceeded the supply of acceptable shelter. The attempts to provide solutions continues. John F Wain 13 Jul 2017
81 FMR 55 - From drawing-board to Jungle Our research and development department has been working on a shelter solution in accordance with the requirement of improving logistics, installation, flexibility, the use of natural resources and, above all, the improvement of living conditions. Pedro Sáez, Carmen García 13 Jul 2017
82 FMR 55 - The diversity of data needed to drive design The developers of the Refugee Housing Unit know every aspect and component of their design but can never know what it is like to wake up in one of them every day. Märta Terne, Johan Karlsson, Christian Gustafsson 13 Jul 2017
83 FMR 55 - Choice in shelter solutions in Somalia The complex, inter-linked and multi-dimensional humanitarian challenges in Somalia require equally complex responses in order to be able to bolster the resilience of Somali people. Martijn Goddeeris, Gregg McDonald 13 Jul 2017
84 FMR 55 - Refugees and the city: UN-Habitat’s New Urban Agenda Special protection for refugees and displaced persons should be part of countries’ housing policies. Raffael Beier, Jasmin Fritzsche 13 Jul 2017
85 FMR 55 - Shelter provision and state sovereignty in Calais Government provision of shelter for Calais’ migrant population over the last twenty years has prioritised the assertion of state authority over the alleviation of human suffering. Policies in 2015-16, which involved the destruction of informal shelter and Michael Boyle 13 Jul 2017
86 FMR 55 - A camp redefined as part of the city Was what was built at La Linière in Grand-Synthe in northern France a traditional refugee camp or a new kind of urban district? Cyrille Hanappe 13 Jul 2017
87 FMR 55 - Appropriating buildings to house refugees: Berlin Tempelhof As European cities continue to co-opt existing buildings to use as refugee shelters, the inherent spatial characteristics of these structures present significant challenges to the authorities that select the sites and to those who must reside in them. Toby Parsloe 13 Jul 2017
88 FMR 55 - Collective homemaking in transit The daily activities of the residents and volunteers of the City Plaza Refugee Accommodation Centre in Athens and the organisation of the space help to construct a positive notion of ‘home’. Alexandra Koptyaeva 13 Jul 2017
89 FMR 55 - Perpetually temporary shelter in Trieste An old building that has seen displaced people in it many times over many years is being used by the latest group of arrivals, this time from outside Europe. Roberta Altin 13 Jul 2017
90 FMR 55 - The impact of humanitarian shelter and settlements on child protection Insufficient attention has been paid to the design of shelters and settlements in protracted refugee encampments in Eastern Africa. The results invisibly obstruct young children’s development. Nerea Amorós Elorduy 13 Jul 2017
91 FMR 55 - Reducing GBV risks through better shelter programme design Good shelter programming must include mitigation measures throughout the project cycle in order to reduce GBV risks. Amelia Rule, Jessica Izquierdo, Alberto Piccioli 13 Jul 2017
92 FMR 55 - Thriving spaces: greening refugee settlements By incorporating urban agriculture initiatives within refugee camp settings, the concept of shelter can be expanded to include providing protection from the climate, addressing nutritional deficiencies and increasing levels of human dignity, place makin Carrie Perkins, Andrew Adam-Bradford, Mikey Tomkins 13 Jul 2017
93 FMR 55 - Repurposing shelter for displaced people in Ukraine Buildings in Ukraine are being repurposed to provide shelter for those fleeing conflict in the country but, as the war continues, the need for more permanent solutions must be acknowledged. Laura A Dean 13 Jul 2017
94 FMR 55 - Reconstructing ‘home’ in northern Uganda An understanding of shelter in situations of displacement and return must take into consideration both material and non-material dimensions. Alice Anderson-Gough 13 Jul 2017
95 FMR 55 - Planning for the integration of refugee and host communities in Turkana County, Kenya The Kalobeyei New Settlement focuses on the creation of a spatial plan to guide settlement in both the short and the long term to the benefit of both host community and refugees. Yuka Terada, David Evans, Dennis Mwaniki 13 Jul 2017
96 FMR 55 - Poor Albanians who hosted displaced Kosovars The experience of hosting displaced Kosovars is one that at least one Albanian village would prefer not to repeat. Beryl Nicholson 13 Jul 2017
97 FMR 55 - Hosting the displaced – and being hosted A local family hosting a displaced family in their home is becoming a well-recognised form of shelter for families in displacement. Cynthia Caron 13 Jul 2017
98 FMR 55 - Security of tenure in the urban context Addressing the lack of secure tenure and the risk of forced eviction is one of the defining characteristics of urban shelter response. Neil Brighton, Kirstie Farmer, Øyvind Nordlie 13 Jul 2017
99 FMR 55 - The pavements and slums of Dhaka Almost half a million people every year seek refuge in Dhaka, compelled by a nexus of climate change, poverty and environmental degradation. Many end up on living on the pavements. Nellie LeBeau, Hugh Tuckfield 11 Jul 2017
100 FMR 55 - Mass shelters: inappropriate in displacement Mass shelters appear to be an inappropriate shelter solution even in the acute onset of a crisis, creating problems of dignity and security and having significant health consequences. Alena Koscalova, Yann Lelevrier 11 Jul 2017